Innovations in health, the medicine of the future
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At a time when healthcare is undergoing a major transformation, some innovations are gaining ground as a solution to improve the supply of healthcare services in the public and private sectors.
One of these is Digital Health, which the World Health Organization (WHO) defines as “the application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to Health”. The incorporation of ICTs has led to major advances in prevention and patient classification.
In this regard, mobile applications have become the protagonists. Mhealth or Mobile Health encompasses the use of devices such as smartphones and devices for patient monitoring. For example, Wearables, portable devices that have algorithms aimed at controlling various vital functions, through prior linkage with a cell phone.
With the aforementioned technologies, it is possible for a doctor to see a patient’s heart in real time through a device connected to a portable probe and make an emergency diagnosis.
In recent years, robotics applied to medicine has made great progress. There are several medical specialities, especially surgical ones, which have benefited from the use of increasingly precise robots with greater possibilities for diagnosis and treatment of several diseases.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) forms another of the edges of Digital Health and has enabled numerous advances. Devices equipped with Artificial Intelligence have the autonomous capacity to process information, issue responses and provide solutions.
As a complement to Digital Health, there are other instruments that represent humanity’s hope in terms of disease prevention and cure.
Trials are being carried out with the cultivation of organs for transplants, using stem cells as seeds and 3D bioprinting, which makes it possible to create human tissue, synthetic bones or even glands. The manufacture of artificial blood is also envisaged. The first 3D printed human heart is expected to be available by 2025.
Nanomedicine is considered a field of nanobiotechnologies and is used in the design and evaluation of complex systems, at the nanometer scale. It is related to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases.
In theory, nanotechnology could be used to build small nano-robots (nanobots), which would be a nanometric army in our body, programmed to perform multiple functions in the human body.
This system is the great hope of the decade, because it is simple and cheap. It is used to modify genes at convenience and is currently being applied in the treatment of cancer patients.
Today, work is also underway on a pill that will solve antibiotic resistance. It will also serve to send trained cells to fight infection by implanting themselves in the affected organ.
Human Genome Project
This project aims to decipher all the genetic information we possess in each of our chromosomes and interpret its meaning in normal and pathological conditions. In this way, multiple diseases could not only be cured but also prevented before birth.
New health technologies are increasingly within our reach and it is possible to encourage their development through private investment.
Investing in the genome revolution, a bet on the future
Today, thanks to technological progress, greater globalization of the economy and new interests in the field of medicine, a genome sequence can be obtained for almost ten million times less money.
Main applications of biotechnology
Biotechnology ranges from traditional techniques to the most advanced technology and seeks the development of diverse products for the benefit of mankind. This science is immersed in various industries such as medicine, agriculture and the energy sector.